The medicines needed for human healing have not been readily available to the public in India. The main source of these drugs came from abroad. The lack of local medicines and their huge demand have led to very high prices. It was the outside law that influenced local law. Drug prices in India were among the highest in the world. In 1957, the Indian government appointed Judge Rajagopala Ayyangar to committee to review patent law to meet the industrial needs of the time. The report proposed the creation of a patenting procedure so that medicines also reach the poor parts of society. The government handed over the Patent Act in 1970. This revolutionized the economic system in India by supplying the drug cheaply. Before TRIPS, many countries issued only procedural or non-product patents.

Product patents offer absolute product protection, while process patents offer protection in terms of technology, processes or manufacturing processes. Process patent protection would not prevent the manufacture of patented products through an engineering reversal process if a process or process different from the one that was invented (and patented) is used. For example, national legislation, which imposes only patent protection, has allowed manufacturers in some countries to produce generic versions of patented medicines. These countries chose to take advantage of the transition period that allowed countries to delay patent protection in technological areas until 2005 that were not as protected against the TRIPS AGREEMENT. (See transitional periods below). Under the GATT, the greatest advance in international trade liberalization has been achieved through multilateral trade negotiations. GATT`s role4 is to create a stable and predictable international trading system. Second, it acts as an intermediary in the settlement of trade disputes between countries.

Third, it conducts frequent negotiations, encourages tariff reductions to allow for an expansion of world trade. The objective of India`s signing of the GATT agreement is to export domestic products in exchange for the purchase of oil, industrial raw materials, machinery, new technologies and other necessary things on the national territory. In the 1950s and 1960s, continued tariff reductions led to strong growth in world trade. Thus, in the ERA of GATT, trade liberalization has contributed to trade growth rather than encouraging production growth. However, TRIPS also contain provisions that allow countries to demonstrate flexibility and flexibility to adapt to their own patent and intellectual property systems and development needs. This means that countries have some freedom in changing their rules and that there are different ways for them to formulate their national legislation to ensure a fair balance between the objective of encouraging the future invention of new medicines and the objective of affordable access to existing medicines.

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