Zero-hours contracts are not employment contracts. These are consulting agreements. There is no working relationship. The restoration of the position in which they were before the illegal agreement was consistent with legal considerations which, in this case, satisfied the doctrine of illegality. The purpose or purpose of the contract is to obtain an illegal purpose. The illicit objective may be known to one or both parties. Immoral agreements will never be tested because of the application of Section 23 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872. All agreements, where they have been found to be contrary to or contrary to recognized normal moral standards, are considered invalid and illegal because they are immoral. Immorality has never been accepted in its long time, so the law will never allow it to continue to be accepted in the future. The scope of immoral agreements will continue to change as time evolves, but will never be within the scope of Section 23, making them illegal and unenforceable. Trade restriction agreements can be implemented if they are appropriate. If an ex-employee is subject to deference, the court will consider geographic boundaries, what the worker knows and the extent of the length of time.

Deference to a business seller must be appropriate and binding where there is a true quality-will label. Under common law, price-fixing contracts are legal. Single delivery agreements (“Solus”) are legal if reasonable. Contracts contrary to public policy are non-issue. This provision does not apply to the ground or grounds that might apply to parties entering into illegal contracts. In the case of Neminath v. Jamboorao, the court put forward three fundamental principles on which Section 23 of the Indian Contract Act is based. This was done in order to create a clearer perspective for future references. First, a contract is considered null and void if the purpose is to sponsor an illegal act. Second, an agreement is annulled if it is prohibited either explicitly or tacitly by a law in force at the time the contract was drafted.

Finally, a contract is non-agreeable if its execution cannot be carried out without the disobedience of an existing law. These principles give a concise account of the purpose and objectives and content of Section 23.

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