The Paris Agreement, drawn up for two weeks in Paris at the 21st United Nations Conference of the Parties (COP21) on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and adopted on 12 December 2015 marked a historic turning point in the fight against global climate change, as world leaders representing 195 nations agreed on an agreement containing commitments from all countries to combat climate change and adapt to its impact. People`s Climate March in New York. More than 400,000 people – including a large WWF delegation – are showing that governments must act urgently to combat climate change, two days before world leaders gather in the city for a UN-led summit on the issue. From 30 November to 11 December 2015, France hosted representatives from 196 countries at the end of the Un Climate Change Conference (UN), one of the largest and most ambitious global meetings ever held. The goal was nothing less than a binding and universal agreement to limit greenhouse gas emissions to levels that would prevent global temperatures from rising more than 2oC above the lower temperature levels set before the start of the industrial revolution. The UN report warns that the terrible effects of climate change will come sooner than expected. This is why we need to follow the report`s advice and why every tonne of emissions reduction can make a difference. In 2015, UNITED Nations leaders called the $100 billion a year “peanuts” and said that “the $100 billion is the tail that shakes the dog.” In 2015, the Executive Director of the Green Climate Fund said that the estimated funding needs would increase to $450 billion a year after 2020. And no one knows where the money goes.
No one could tell where to go? Negotiators of the agreement stated that the INDCs presented at the time of the Paris conference were insufficient and found that “the estimates of aggregate greenhouse gas emissions in 2025 and 2030 resulting from the planned contributions at the national level are not covered by the least expensive scenarios of 2oC, but lead to a projected level of 55 gigatons in 2030.” and acknowledges that “much greater efforts to reduce emissions will be needed to keep the global average temperature rise to less than 2 degrees Celsius, by reducing emissions to 40 gigatonnes or 1.5 degrees Celsius.”  [Necessary clarifications] The EU has been at the forefront of international efforts to combat climate change. It played an important role in mediating the Paris Agreement and continues to play a leading role at the global level. The Paris Agreement is an environmental agreement that was adopted by almost all nations in 2015 to combat climate change and its negative effects.