Although the collective agreement itself is not applicable, many of the negotiated conditions relate to wages, conditions, leave, pensions, etc. These conditions are included in an employee`s employment contract (whether or not the worker is a member of the union); and the employment contract is of course applicable. If the new conditions are not acceptable to individuals, they may contradict their employer; but if the majority of workers have agreed, the company will be able to dismiss the plaintiffs, normally with impunity. In the United States, the National Labor Relations Act (1935) covers most collective agreements in the private sector. If the law clearly specifies who has priority in the event of dismissal, the derogation for workers in the category concerned can be defined more clearly. Finally, it can be said that it is not yet common in Estonia to define a more favourable situation in the context of several conditions of the same collective agreement. The union can negotiate with a single employer (which usually represents the shareholders of a company) or, depending on the country, negotiate with a group of companies to reach a sectoral agreement. A collective agreement is an employment contract between an employer and one or more trade unions. . . .

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